Web design is the process of creating websites on some preset and pre assume factors like look and feel of the website, webpage layout, content production, and graphic design, etc.
Although, website designing and web development are two faces of the same coin. But, It is far different from web development because it focuses more on the user interface as compared to website development.
Web design is the process of planning, conceptualizing, and arranging content intended for the Internet. Modern web design goes beyond how things look to include how things work. Web design is not limited to websites as it includes other uses such as web apps, mobile apps, and user interface design.
• Web design elements
• Types of website design
• Website design tools
• Website design inspiration
Web design elements
When designing a website, it is compulsory to consider both the look and the functionality of the site. Integrating these elements into the design will help maximize the performance of the site. For example, did you know that, because of search engine optimization, web design can have a huge impact on your performance in search engines like Google, bing, ask and yahoo
Visual elements :-Visual elements includes
- Written copy
- Images & Icons
Functional elements :-Functional elements includes
- User interactions
- Site structure
- Cross-browser & cross-device compatibility
Types of website design
In today’s digital mobile-first era, there are only two ways to properly design a website: adaptive and responsive websites.
The best part is that with modern design tools, you don’t need to know how to code to build out stunning websites that look great on all devices.
Understanding the pros and cons of adaptive and responsive websites will help you determine what’s best for you.
Adaptive web design
Adaptive web design uses two or more versions of a website that are customized for different screen sizes and width. Adaptive websites can be split into two main categories based upon how the site detects what “version” needs to be displayed.
Adapts based on device type :-
When your browser connects to a website, the HTTP request will include a field called “user-agent” that informs and guides the server about the type of device attempting to view the page.
Basically, this means the site’s algorithm knows what exactly version to display (ex: desktop or mobile). The only problem with this approach is that if you shrink the browser window on a desktop, the page will not automatically adapt because it continues to show the full “desktop version of the website”.
Adapts based on browser width :-
Instead of using the “user-agent”, the website uses media-queries and breakpoints to switch between versions. So instead of having a desktop, tablet, and mobile versions, you’d have 1080px, 768px, and 480px width versions. On top of offering more flexibility when designing, this approach offers a more “responsive” look when changing the size of your browser on a large screen.
WYSIWYG editing (What you see is what you get)Custom designs are faster and easier to build without codeCross-browser and cross-device compatibility fast-loading pages
Websites that use “device type” can look broken when viewed in a small browser window on a desktopLimitations on certain effects that only responsive sites can accomplish
Responsive websites use a combination of flexible grids (based on percentages) with breakpoints (using media queries) to create a custom look at each and every screen size. Unlike adaptive sites that adapt only when they hit a breakpoint, responsive websites are dynamic and constantly changing according to the screen size device.
Great experience at every screen size, regardless of the device typeResponsive website builders are typically rigid which makes the design hard to “break”Tons of available templates to start from
Requires extensive design and testing to ensure quality (when starting from scratch) Without accessing the code, custom designs can be challenging
Website design tools
There are two main ways to design a website: using a desktop app or using a website builder. The tool you decide to use will vary greatly based upon your team size, your budget, the type of site, and its technical requirements.
The most popular desktop apps for designing a website are Photoshop and Sketch. This process requires designers to build out a design before sending it to a development team to convert the design to code.
Typically, this is the de facto standard for large or complex websites because it allows the designer to focus on the look and feel while transferring all the technical challenges to the dev team.
Unfortunately, this process can be expensive and time-consuming as multiple resources and specific skills are involved.
To avoid involving a developer, it may be beneficial to use a website builder to design a website with fewer technical requirements.
There are several website building options on the market today. Not all of them can be considered “web design tools” as editing limitations can make it very difficult to create something custom without having to rely on code.
For example, although WordPress is the most used website platform, it’s not very popular with visual designers. Typically, it is used by developers who implement designs.
As mentioned above, there are only two types of web design: adaptive and responsive. Let’s take a quick look at the most popular web design tools based on the type of code they produce.
Web design inspiration
Every designer looks for inspiration somewhere. Here are some of the best spots where web designers go to get your creative juices flowing: